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The Buddhist's Discipline
     Just as Buddhist monks have the monks' discipline to observe to be virtuous, so Buddhists in general have the lay people's discipline to keep as code of standards.

SECTION ONE

aying a Firm Foundation for Life
     Buddhists are supposed to lead good live and contribute to the growth and stability of society in accordance with the lay people's discipline [gihivinaya] as follows

Law 1: Refraining from 14 kinds of evils.

A. Refraining from the for kinds of kammakilesa [evil deeds that defile one's life] namely:

1. One does not do bodily harm or take life [i.e.abstaining from panatipata].
2. One does not steal or violate property rights[i.e.abstaining from adinnadana
3.One does not commit sexual misconduct [i.e. abstaining from kamesumicchacara.]
4.One does not speak falsely, lie or deceive [i.e. abstaining from musavada].
B. Refraining from the four kinds of agati[bias or deviant conduct],namely:
1. One is not biased on account of like [i.e. being without chandagati].
2. One is not biased on account of hate [i.e. being without dosagati].
3.  One is not biased on account of fear [i.e. being without bhayagati].
4. One is not biased on account offolly [i.e.being without mohagati].
C. Refraining from the six kinds of apayamukha [channels to th ruin of property and life], namely:
1. One is not addicted to dring or drugs.
2.One does not revel, oblivious to time.
3. One is not bent only on entertainment.
4. One does not indulge in gambling.
5. One does not consort with evil friends.
6. One does not constantly laze around.
Law 2: Preparing resources for life on teo fronts.
A. Choosing the people with whom one is to associate.
      One should associate with people who will guide one's life along apath that is prosperous and constructive, by avoiding false friends and associating only with true friends as follews:
1.Recognizing the four kinds of false friends or enemies in the guise of friends [mitta-patirupaka]:
1] The out-and out robber, who only takes from his friend, has four features
     [1] He thinks only of taking.
     [2] He gives just alittle only to gain alot.
     [3] Only when he himsolf isin danger does he help his friend out.
     [4] He associates with his friend only for his own sake.
 
2] The smooth talker has four features:
     [1] He talks only of what is done and gone.
     [2] He talks only of what has not yet come.
     [3] He offers help that is of no use.
     [4] When his friend has some business in hand, he always makes excuses.
 
3] The flatterer has four features:
     [1] He consentd to [his friend's] doing wrong.      
     [2] He consents to his doing right.
     [3] He praises him to his face.
     [4] He disparages him behind his back.
 
4] The leader to ruin has four features:
     [1] He is a companion in drinking.
     [2] He is a companion in nightlife.
     [3] He is a companion in frequenting shows and fairs.
     [4] He is a companion in gambling.
 
2. Knowing of the four kinds of true friends or friends at heart [suhadamtta]:
 1] The helping friend has four features:
     [1] When his friend is off guard, he guards him.
     [2] When his friend is off guard, he guards his property.
     [3] In times of danger, he can be a erfuge.
     [4] When some business needs to be done, he puts up more money than requested.
 
2] The friend through thick and thin has four features:
     [1] He confides in his friend.
     [2] He keeps his feiend's secrets.
     [3] He does not desert his friend in times of danger.
     [4] He will give even his life for hes friend's sake.
 
3] The good counselor has four features:
     [1] He restrains his friend from doing evil or harm.
     [2] He encourages him in goodness.
     [3] He makes known to his friend what he has not heard before.    
     [4] He points out the way to happiness, to heaven.
 
4] The loving friend has four features:
     [1] When his friend is unhappy, he commiserates.
     [2] When his friend is happy, he is happy for him,
     [3] When others criticize hts friend, he comes to his defense.
     [4] When others praise his friend, he joins in their praise.
 
B. Allocating the wealth one has acquired through right livelihood as follows:
Stage 1: One should be diligent in earning and saving just as bees cllect nectar and pollens.
Stage 2: When one's wealth accrues like a termites' mound, expenditure should be planned thus.
              One portion tobe used for supporting oneself, supporting one's family,taking care of one's dependents and doing good works.
              Two portions to be used for one's career, eaming one's living.
              One portion to be put aside as a guarantee for one's life and business in time of meed.
Law 3: Maintaining one's relations towards the six directions.
A. Rendering all the directions secure and peaceful by performing the duties towards the people related to one in due accordance with their six respective positions:
1st direction: As a son or daughter, one should honor one's parents, who are likened to the "forward direction, " as follows:
     1.Have been raised by them, one looks after them in return.
     2. One helps them in their business and work.
     3. One continues the family line.
     4. One conducts oneself as is proper for an heir.
     5. After their passing away, one makes offerings, dedicating the merit to them.
 
Parents help their children by:
     1. Cautionintg and protecting them from evil.
     2. Nurturing and training them in goodness.
     3. Providing them with an education.
     4. Seeing to it that they obtain suitable spouses.
     5. Bequeathing the inheritance to them at the proper time.
 
2nd direction: As a student, one should show reverence to one'steacher, who is likened to the "right direction," as follows:
     1. One rises to greet the teacher and shows respect to him.
     2. One approaches the teacher to attend him, serve him, consult him, query him, receive advice from him,etc.
     3. One hearkens well so as to cultivate wisdom.
     4. One serves the teacher and runs errands for him.
     5. One learns the subject respectfull and earnestly, giving the task of learning itsdue importance.
   
A teacher supports his students by:
     1. Teaching and training them to be good,
     2. Guiding them to thorough understanding.
     3. Teaching the subject in full.
     4. Encouraging the students and praising their merits and abilities.
     5. Providing a protection for all directions; that is, teaching and training them so that they can actually use their learning to make a living and know how to conduct themselves well, having a guarantee for smoothly leading a good life and attaining happiness and prosperity.
3rd direction:
     1. One honors her in accordance with her status as wife.
     2. One does not look down on her.
     3. One does not commit adultery.As a husband, one should honor and support one's wife, who is likened to the "rearward direction," as follows:
     4. One give her control of household concerns.
     5. One gives her occasional gifts of ornaments and clothing.
 
A wife supports her husband by:
     1. Keeping the household tidy.
     2. Helping the relatives and friends of both sides.
     3. Not committing adultery.
     4. Safeguarding any wealth that has been acquired.
     5. Being diligent in all her work.
 
4th direction: As afriend, one should conduct oneself towards one's friends, who are likened to the "left direction," as follows:
     1. One shares with them.
     2. One speaks kindly to them.
     3. One helps them.
     4. One is constant through their ups and downs.
     5. One is faithful and sincere.
 
Friends reciprocate by:
     1. Protecting their friend when he is off guard.
     2. Protecting their friend's property when he is off guard.
     3. Being a refuge in times of danger.
     4. Not deserting their friend in times of hardship.
     5. Respecting their friend's family and relatives.
 
5th direction: As an employer, one should support one's servants and employees, who are likened to the "lower direction," as follows:
     1. One assigns them work in accordance with their atrength, sex, age and abilities.
     2. One pays them wages commensurate with their work and adequate for their livelihood.
     3. One grants them fringe benefits by, for example,providing medical care in times of sickness.
     4. One shares with them a portion of any extra gain.
     5. One gives them appropriate holidays and time to rest.
 
A servant or employee helps his empleyer by:
     1. Starting work before him.
     2. Stopping work after him.
     3. Taking only what is given by his employer.
     4. Doung his job well and seeking ways to improve on it.
     5. Spreading a good reputation about his empleyer and his business.
 
6th direction: As a Buddhist, one shoulld show reverence to the monks, who are like to the "upper direction," as follows:
     1. One acts towards them with goodwill.
     2. One speaks to them with goodwill.
     3. One thinks of them with goodwill.
     4. Onereceives them willingly.
     5. One supports them with the four erquisites [almafood,eobes,shelter and medicine].
 
Monks help lay people by:
     1. Enjoining them from evil actions.
     2. Enjoining them in goodness.
     3. Assisting them with kind intentions.
     4. Making known to them things not heard before.
     5. Explaining and clarifying things they have already heard.
     6. Pointing out the way to heaven, teaching them the way to happiness and prosperity.
 
   
 
Note: The Buddhist's Discipline
By Phrapromkunaporn [P.A. Payutto]
 
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